A Brief History of Covington

Jarius Cruttenden initially settled the Town of Covington in 1806. His homestead was located at the “Big Spring” near Pearl Creek. Other settlers, primarily from the New England area began to move into the area. Initially the early settlers built and lived in log homes, but frame houses quickly followed due to the presence of Sprague’s Saw Mill in what is now Pavilion.

In 1810 or 1811, Captain Levi Beardsley settled 600 acres of land at “Paine’s Corners”. The first wedding in the Town was held at Captain Beardsley’s home in 1814. Thatcher Beardsley became the first schoolteacher in 1815 in a school just south of the Beardsley homestead.

In 1817 this area was officially organized and named the Town of Covington with Jarius Cruttenden as its first supervisor. At this time the Town was a part of Genesee County. The Town was named for General Leonard Covington, who served in both the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. Although not a resident of Covington, the general was well known to the many veterans who had settled in the Town of Covington. In 1841, the Town of Covington became a part of Wyoming County.

The Town continued to grow and businesses flourished. In Pearl Creek, a sawmill, gristmill and carding mill were established. In Covington Center, businesses included a store, hotel, ashery, blacksmith shop, and cabinet and wagon shop.Two doctors resided within the Town; Dr. Daniel White – south of Pearl Creek and Dr. Eben Phillps in Covington Center.

Present day Covington is primarily a residential and agricultural community comprised of 16,224.78 acres with Oat-ka Creek flowing through the Wyoming Valley of the Town.